November Astronomy: This Month’s ‘Supermoon’ Won’t Be Matched Until a Year 2034
October 27, 2016 - Supermoon
Brilliant Venus (magnitude -4.0) and fainter Saturn ( +0.5) are 4.5 degrees detached in a southwest during eve on Nov. 1, though Venus speeds divided while Saturn sinks into a solar glare, widening a opening between them to scarcely 15 degrees by Nov. 11, and to 22 degrees by Nov. 18. Use binoculars to watch Venus pass credentials stars in Ophiuchus and Sagittarius on Nov. 4, 16, 17, and 22. Venus sets farthest south Nov. 14. By month’s end, Venus brightens to bulk -4.2 and is noticeably aloft than it was during a start of November. A telescope shows Venus in gibbous phase, 70 percent full during month’s end. Wonderful changes will start in entrance months, before Venus departs from a eve sky in late March.
Mercury (magnitude -0.5) passes 3.5 degrees south (to a reduce left) of Saturn on Nov. 23, though they’ll both be really low in a twilight glow, with Mercury brighter. Using binoculars, demeanour 27 degrees to a reduce right of Venus. Replacing Saturn, Mercury is 25 degrees to a reduce right of Venus on Nov. 30, and will reason 24 degrees to a reduce right of Venus Dec. 2-12.
Look for low Mars (magnitude +0. 4 to +0.6) in a south to south-southwest, to a top left of Venus, by 37 degrees on Nov. 1; 30 degrees on Nov. 16; and 24 degrees on Nov. 30. Watch Mars pass third- and fourth-magnitude stars in Capricornus, a sea-goat, on Nov. 14 and 27, and on Dec. 10.
In a morning sky in a east-southeast to southeast, find splendid Jupiter, bulk -1.7 to -1.8. As a object withdraws easterly of Jupiter this month since of Earth’s faster array around a sun, a hulk world ascends aloft in predawn. Note a first-magnitude star Spica in Virgo, 13 degrees to 8 degrees subsequent splendid Jupiter.
The moon, as a waxing crescent in eve sky, can be seen in a flattering entertainment with Venus and Saturn on Nov. 2; nearby Mars on Nov. 5 and 6; nearby Mercury on Nov. 30; nearby Venus on Dec. 2 and 3; and nearby Mars on Dec. 4 and 5. In a mornings, follow a loss moon, nearby Aldebaran, eye of Taurus, on Nov. 15; nearby Pollux, brighter of a Gemini twins, on Nov. 18; nearby Regulus, heart of Leo, on Nov. 21; nearby Jupiter on Nov. 24; and nearby Spica and Jupiter on Nov. 25.
The full moon, on Monday, Nov. 14, during 5:52 a.m., follows a moon’s perigee (closest proceed to Earth) by usually 2.5 hours. The ensuing “Supermoon” is a closest until Nov. 25, 2034. (Get prepared for a unavoidable hype in a news media!) The subsequent “Supermoon” closer than that one will start on Dec. 6, 2052—the best of a 21st century. The moon this month will be closest for observers in a Coachella Valley on a night of Sunday, Nov. 13, only a few mins after a moon reaches a top indicate in a south, during 11:20 p.m., and, discordant to appearances, not when a moon is rising on Sunday around 4:33 p.m. or environment Monday morning around 6:11 a.m. (The moon only seems incomparable during rising or environment than when it is high in a sky. It’s called a “moon illusion.”) Also, this is not the brightest full moon of this year. That’s since this month’s full moon passes widely south of Earth’s shadow, and does not simulate as most light toward us as it would if a moon narrowly missed a shadow. The pointy brightening of a moon or an asteroid when it appears roughly accurately 180 degrees from a object is infrequently called “the antithesis effect,” or “opposition surge.”
Star parties yield smashing opportunities to join with other folks who adore to share their seductiveness in watching a sky, and to get good views of astronomical objects by a accumulation of binoculars and telescopes. The initial dual events, function this weekend, are annual gatherings not distant from a Coachella Valley: The 2016 Nightfall Star Party takes in Borrego Springs Oct. 27-30, while a 2016 Joshua Tree National Park Night Sky Festival is Oct. 28-30.
Local star parties (in and nearby a Coachella Valley): The Astronomical Society of a Desert will horde a subsequent of a array of monthly star parties on Saturday, Nov. 5, from 6 to 9 p.m., and on Saturday, Dec. 17, from 5 to 8 p.m. They are hold during a Visitor Center of a Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, on Highway 74, within 4 miles south of Highway 111 in Palm Desert. Check a society’s website during www.astrorx.org for listings of a unchanging star parties during a Visitor Center, and a high altitude star parties during Sawmill Trailhead starting during dusk. The subsequent high-altitude star parties (at 4,000 feet—wear comfortable clothes!) will be hold on Saturday, Nov. 19, and on Saturday, Dec. 3. Follow links to maps and directions to both star celebration sites, and for dates and locations of harangue meetings. Also, check a couple to a “Impromptu Star Parties,” that could be announced on brief notice during any time.
Robert C. Victor was a staff astronomer during Abrams Planetarium during Michigan State University. He is now late and enjoys providing skywatching opportunities for propagandize children in and around Palm Springs. Robert D. Miller did connoisseur work in planetarium scholarship and after astronomy and mechanism scholarship during Michigan State University and stays active in investigate and open overdo in astronomy.